This volume brings together important texts in the “Consciousness Only” or “Mind Only” school: The Demonstration of Consciousness Only, The Thirty Verses on Consciousness Only, and The Treatise in Twenty Verses on Consciousness Only.
Demonstration of Conciousness Only
The Demonstration of Conciousness Only is a commentary on Vasubandhu’s Triṃśikā (Taishō 55), based on ten Indian commentaries, although it is composed from the standpoint of Dharmapāla with only passing references to the views of the other nine commentators. It presents an exposition of the Yogācāra or Mind-Only school of thought (Vijñānavāda), according to which there is a fundamental consciousness called ālaya-vijñāna ("store-consciousness") at the basis of the human personality in which all past actions are said to be stored. These latter are said to appear in present and future actions, and so all phenomena are regarded as manifestations of the mind. This work has not only served as the basic text of the Faxiang (Jpn.: Hossō) School in China and Japan, but is also an important work which, on account of its intrinsic merit, should be studied by all students of Buddhism.
Skt. Vijñapimātratāsiddhi-śāstra, composed by Dharmapāla. Translated into the Chinese by Xuan Zhuang as Cheng weishi lun (成唯識論). 10 fascicles.
The Thirty Verses on Consciousness
The Thirty Verses on Consciousness Only gets its name from the fact that it consists of thirty verses, and it is regarded as the basic text of the Faxiang (Jpn.: Hossō) School in China and Japan. It is also the fundamental treatise of the Mind-Only doctrine (Vijñānavāda), which asserts that all phenomena are manifestations of the mind. It is said to have been the last of Vasubandhu’s works. The Vijñaptimātratāsiddhi-śāstra (Taishō 1586) is a commentary on The Thirty Verses.
Skt. Triṃśikā, composed by Vasubandhu. Translated by Xuan Zhuang as Weishi sanshilun song (唯識三十論頌). 1 fascicle.
The Treatise in Twenty Verses on Consciousness Only
The Treatise in Twenty Verses on Consciousness Only is so-called because it consists of twenty verses, each with commentary. It is not only devoted to an exposition of the Mind-Only doctrine (Vijñānavāda), but also presents a critique on non-Buddhist philosophies and Hinayāna doctrine from the viewpoint of the Mind-Only doctrine, asserting that all phenomena are manifestations of man's fundamental consciousness. This work is frequently quoted as an important authority in the Vijñāptimātratāsiddhiś-āstra (Taishō 54).
Skt. Viṃśatikā, composed by Vasubandhu. Translated by Xuan Zang as Weishi ershi lun (唯識二十論). 1 fascicle.
Table of Contents
A Message on the Publication of the English Tripitaka NUMATA Yehan v
Editorial Foreword MAYEDA Sengaku vii
Publisher’s Foreword Kenneth K. Inada ix
Demonstration of Consciousness Only Hsiian-tsang 1-372
The Thirty Verses on Consciousness Only Vasubandhu 373-384
The Treatise in Twenty Verses on Consciousness Only Vasubandhu 387-408
Selected Bibliography 423
A List of the Volumes of the BDK English Tripitaka (First Series)